In this article we are going to look at what is an advance organizer. Where can we make use of it, its forms and phases?
Advance Organizer is a cognitive instructional strategy used to promote the learning and retention of new information (Ausubel, 1960).
According to Joyce et al. (2000), the Advance Organizer model has three phases of activity.
Let’s look at the three phases:
• includes presentation of the Advanced Organizer
• clarifies the aim of the lesson
• creates an awareness of the info
• sequencing the content
• presenting the material
• strengthening of the cognitive organization
• “integrative reconciliation” (ability to make interconnections between concepts)
For eg: teacher can ask students to summarize the info
Now let’s look at the four types of Advance Organizers.
• provides new content
• provide basic concepts of the material
• provides a background of unknown material
• Highlight difference between old and new concepts.
• Helps to mark out the differences and similarity between old and new concepts.
• A graphic organizer is a visual display.
• Helps depict the relationship between terms, ideas, or concepts.
• Uses pictographs, graphs, charts, or concept maps
• oral presentation, stories, and handouts are used
• helps recall and retain info
Though you may find that we use the above advance organizer as instructional tools, they might have been derived from some educational theory.
To be continued......